Essene Academy of Religion, Theology and History
COURSE 2 - The Dead Sea Scrolls
-- EXAM OVERVIEW --
Vero Essene Yahad
Dr. Jackson Snyder
3495 1st St. Vero Beach, FL 32968
VeroYahad (at) gmail.com
SAMPLE QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
The Genesis Apocryphon is the source for what Bible book? Do you know the original name of this book?
The Genesis Apocryphon appears to be the source for the Canonical book of Genesis that was originally referred to as "The Apocalypse of Lamech".
The Scrolls have further prophecies of which two major prophets?
The Dead Sea Scrolls have more prophecies related to the Major Prophets of Ezekiel and Jeremiah than the Masoretic Canon.
The Essene Calendar found in the scrolls has twelve 30-day months and a 364-day year. How can this be? It doesn't add up.
The Essene priestly calendar consists of twelve 30 day months plus 4 seasonal marker days, that represent the 2 equinoxes and 2 solstices per year, for a 364 day liturgical calendar. 360+4=364. Since this calendar is Priestly and Liturgical (rather than scientific), the year need not be 365.xx days. Rather, it is set up according to the priestly cycles.
What is the significance of each of these versions of the Torah texts: Dead Sea
Scrolls, Septuagint, Masoretic, Samaritan? You can cheat on this one.
The Septuagint was written in approximately 250 B.C. and was authorized by the High Priest and Elders of the Sanhedrin as an official scriptural text written in Greek. It is approximately 1000 years older than the Masoretic text, which was compiled under Pharisaic rabbinical authority. The Masoretes omitted, changed and removed texts in order to facilitate a religious theology that can be found in the tradition of Rabbi Akiva.
The Masoretes received corrupted texts as witnessed to in their rabbinical writings, added vowel points which did not exist in the original scriptures, excluded several significant books and changed prophecies; especially those in relation to the New Testament texts founded on the Septuagint used to confirm a belief in Yahshua as the Messiah.
The Samaritan canon, which consists of the Pentateuch only, more closely reflects the Septuagint and especially those related scriptures within the corpus of the Dead Sea Scrolls than the Masoretic texts. Its longer version and much more detailed narratives within its 5 books reveal approximately 3,000 orthographic changes in its narratives vs. the Masoretic, and another 3,000 changes of more significance.
The Dead Sea Scrolls have confirmed in its body of texts that the longer versions of the Samaritan Pentateuch and the Septuagint Canon more closely relate what an original corpus of scripture, with a larger library of books and more detailed revelation, may have once included. The Genesis Apocryphon, Jubilees, Enoch, The Temple Scroll and other texts found in the Dead Sea Scrolls, along with the Samaritan and Septuagint texts, speak to the religious, theological and politically motivated redactions that are found within the Masoretic text. The Dead Sea Scrolls lends its testimony to the Septuagint and the Samaritan scriptures as valid texts and also shows through its corpus that through the omissions of verses concerning divorce, polygamy, the marriage of nieces, extra observances and feast days, calendars and missing psalms, proverbs and laws not found in the Masoretic canon to its being a highly redacted, incomplete and latter theologically motivated scriptural compilation.
What do you suppose is the main purpose of both the Community (Yahad) Rule and the Damascus Document?
The main purpose of both the Community Rule and the Damascus Document was to establish a social and religious order for the building of a ritually pure utopian community that anticipated, was preparing for, and would participate in the removal of all evil, corrupted and foreign entities within Israel and facilitate the re-establishment of the Davidic kingdom through a holy war as the Sons of Light.
What is the Great Cosmic Covenant (or Vow) and how is it applicable to today?
The Great Cosmic Covenant, as found in the Book of Enoch, was a binding agreement between the creator and the created at the beginning of time to facilitate life and blessings through obedience on the part of the created with the creator's laws, rulings and the order that he established for all time. The fact that this covenant was broken with the resulting evil and loss of blessings, due to the rebellion of some orders of the angelic host, the created who today acknowledge the broken covenant and have faith in salvation through Yahshua ha Moshiach are obligated to uphold the covenant with him, as perfectly as each is able, until the earth is ameliorated and handed back over to the creator in a purified, idyllic state.
Why didn't the Essenes poop on the Shabbat?
Because they did not wish to contribute to the defilement of the city of Jerusalem and believed that to defecate inside the city on the Sabbath was a defilement to it and themselves according to the law as interpreted in Deuteronomy 23:12-14 and related verses concerning the uncleanness of excrement such as Nehemiah 2:13; 3:13-14, 1 Kings 14:10.
Who are the Elect and why should it be a primary goal to reveal them?
The 'Elect' or 'Bacharim' are those individuals known of and chosen by Yahweh from the beginning of time that would choose to obey and love him and fulfill his will on earth as participants in its amelioration back to a pristine Garden of Eden.
What is a "Son of Man" supposed to be doing?
A Son of Man is a heavenly mediator between the creator Yahweh and mankind that reveals the will of the Father and is given power through the Ruach ha Kodesh to heal and make righteous judgments for the purposes of cleansing and ameliorating the earth and thereby establishing Yahweh's Kingdom on earth as in the Shamayim.
Where did Cain get his wife?
From among those humans that were collectively created, before Adam and Eve, as found in Genesis 1:1-2:3.
What is a coprolite, and what do coprolites tell us about the people who lived at
A coprolite is a fossilized feces. The fossilized coprolites found near the Qumran community were located outside of its main environs and this tells us that though its inhabitants observed a strict interpretation of Deuteronomy concerning tahor purity, they still were infected by a myriad of parasites.
What's the difference between a Zadokite and a Sadducee?
The root word of zedek and sadoq mean the same thing, just or righteous, but the differences between Sadducees and Zadokites as used in the 1st century is very different. The Zadokites were either the members of the actual bloodline of Zadok the High Priest under King David or their later followers called by the terms Sons of Zadok or Zadokites, who believed in the bodily resurrection, in angels, in being holy and who removed themselves from the corrupt temple system and were the progeny of their murdered and exiled ancestors in Egypt and the Damascus wilderness from the time of the Greeks, during most of the Hasmonean dynasty and forward.
The Zadokites of 3 B.C. to 1 CE. were also probably the peoples of Qumran and other related sites. On the other-hand, the Sadducees were mostly Hasmonean priests or later appointees that used the term to justify their usurping priestly rule and they were not believers in the bodily resurrection or in angels and were primarily corrupt priests for hire that neglected the poor priests, facilitated tax farming of the people, defiled the temple with the business of sacrifice by foreigners and the unclean and who eventually murdered Yahshua and James the Just because they were of the rightful, Zadokite and Davidic bloodlines.